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Sep 19 2019

# 20 Formulas for Basic Configuration of Operational Amplifier Common Design

Although there are many types of amplifiers, different amplifiers are suitable for interfacing with different types of sensors, but most complex amplifiers are built by combining operational amplifiers.

In almost cases today, op amps are configured in different ways using a feedback network to calculate the input signal. There are 20 formulas used to calculate. Figure 1. Voltage Follower

Note: Buffer High Impedance Signal and Low Impedance Load Figure 2. In-phase Op Amp

Note: In-phase Signal Amplification Figure 3. Reversed-phase Op Amp

Note: Amplify and Invert Input Figure 4. Voltage Subtractor, Differential Amplifier

Note: Amplify the voltage difference and suppress the common - mode voltage Note: Summation of Adding Voltage Values Figure 6. Low-pass Filter, Integrator

Note: Limit Signal Bandwidth Figure 7. High-pass Filter, Differentiator

Note: Eliminate DC, Amplify AC Signal Figure 8. Differential Amplifier

Note: Drive Differential Signal to Analog-to-Digital Converter From A Differential or Single-ended Signal Source Figure 9. Instrumentation Amplifier

Note: Amplify the Low Level Difference Signal and Suppress the Common Mode Signal Figure 10. Single State Op Amp Noise

Note: RTO NOISE=NG×RTI NOISE

RTI=Converted to the Input

RTO=Converted to the Output Decibel Formula (equivalent impedance)  Johnson-Nyquist Noise Formula Ohm's Law (DC circuit) Figure 11. Closed-loop Frequency Response (voltage feedback amplifier) Resistance Formulas Reactance Formulas Transformer (step-up or step-down ratio) Impedance Formulas (in series)

Note: RL in series

RC in series

LC in series

RLC in series Voltage and Impedance Formulas (parallel connection)

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#### 3 comments

• • Willile on 2019-10-23 16:54:19

Add something, the op amp can be simply viewed as a high-gain direct-coupled voltage amplifying unit with one signal output port, a non-inverting input, and an inverting put, which belong to high-impedance inputs. So non-inverting amps, inverting amps, and differential amps can be made based on these amplifying units.

• • Eills on 2019-10-28 13:45:51

We should know the principle before calculations, the power supply mode of the op amp is divided into dual power supply and single power supply. For dual-supply op amps, the output can be varied across zero voltage and the output can be set to zero when the differential input voltage is zero. With a single-supply op amp, the output varies over a range of power and ground.

• • Comie on 2019-11-11 17:55:57

The output signal of the operational amplifier is proportional to the difference between the signal voltages of the two inputs. In the audio segment: output voltage = A0 (E1-E2), where A0 is the low-frequency open-loop gain , E1 is the input signal voltage of the non-inverting terminal, and E2 is the input signal voltage of the inverting terminal.